The art creation style by the artists in the Northern Renaissance in early 16th century is called as Mannerism. Word “Mannerism” itself comes from Italy that is “maniera” which means “style” in English word. In this age, the Mannerism artists most have the similar style and characteristic. The movement of Mannerism was centered in three regions, there are France, German, and Netherland. The Mannerism itself was supported by the printmaking that helped the spreading of the style. The example for kind of printing was the woodcutting that worked like the stamp in this modern age.
Thing that also influenced the Mannerism in Northern is the Protestant reformation in 1517 initiated by Martin Luther. He was a theologian at the time that protested the Christian rules to do certain payment to the church and seemed defined that “people by home in heaven with money”. Moreover, he also disagreed with the idea about the assertive visualization of God, because he thought that “The Kingdom of Gods is not the kingdom of seeing, but the kingdom of hearing”. By this thought, Martin Luther was driven to against the Christianity.
As the Protestantism begin in Northern, the Northern art also begin change their art style. For example, before the Protestantism, the paintings in Northern were mostly set the religious subject as the foreground, while after the Protestantism the foreground is no longer subjected by the religious aspects, but the daily life activity. It was because the Catholics were tend to “Fear of God” so they devoting their selves intensely to religious, while the Protestants thought that “God is friend that wants us to be success” therefore the painting they made mostly “foregrounded” the hard work of worldly daily life. Below is the example of the difference between Catholicism and Protestantism painting.
The Harvesters _f11, 3/23/05, 12:27 PM, 16C, 7782×10526 (216+132), 100%, Rona Copywork, 1/20 s, R84.2, G65.0, B88.4
Working Title/Artist: The HarvestersDepartment: European PaintingsCulture/Period/Location: HB/TOA Date Code: 08Working Date: 1565
photography by mma, Digital File DP119115.tif
retouched by film and media (jnc) 9_22_10